WILLIAM E.B. DuBOIS (1868–1963), social scientist, teacher, author, and political activist was an avid advocate for civil rights for all people. Dr. DuBois earned his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1895. A founder of the national Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and for many years editor of The Crisis magazine, Dr. DuBois is considered the first African American sociologist and is noted as a major interpreter of American history and culture. Dr. DuBois was a founder and leader of the pan-Africa movement and a founder of the Niagara Movement, an organization of African American intellectuals who promoted civil rights. Dr. DuBois was the author of nineteen books. His classic work is The Souls of Black Folk.