GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER (early 1860s–1943) was an agricultural chemist. Born into slavery, he helped revolutionize the South’s economy by liberating it from dependence on cotton as its sole crop. During his 47 years at Tuskeegee Institute, where he headed the Department of Agricultural Research, Dr. Carver developed more than 300 products from peanuts. His experiments also led to the development of multiple uses for soybeans and other indigenous, but previously unutilized, crops. He helped southern farmers improve their lot by inaugurating farm demonstration programs. Dr. Carver was a member of the Royal Society of Arts, London.