BEATRIX A. HAMBURG (1923– ) is a Visiting Scholar in the Department of Psychiatry of the Cornell University College of Medicine. She has had a long career in academic medicine. She is a former President of the William T. Grant Foundation, which supports research on the development of children, adolescents, and youth, and has served on the faculties of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, and Stanford University School of Medicine. Dr. Hamburg received her A.B. from Vassar College and her M.D. from the Yale University School of Medicine. Dr. Hamburg is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Royal Society of Medicine, and a member of the Institute of Medicine. She has participated in many studies sponsored by the Institute of Medicine, the National Research Council, and other organizations. As a medical researcher, Dr. Hamburg is most noted for her studies of early adolescence, pioneering work on peer counseling, and studies of diabetic children and adolescents.